November 30, 2022
  • Largest ever assessment of self-reported data shows companies are ready to disclose on biodiversity, sending a powerful signal to negotiators ahead of COP15[1]
  • Of the 8,850+ companies who received the biodiversity-related questions, more than 7,700 (87%) chose to respond, as CDP collects biodiversity data for the first time
  • Almost half of companies are considering biodiversity in their strategies, making commitments and putting governance mechanisms in place
  • However, data suggests majority not translating these commitments to action, with 55% of companies failing to take action to progress their biodiversity- commitments in the past year
  • Findings come ahead of COP15 summit and negotiation of new Global Biodiversity Framework, including mandatory requirements for companies to disclose dependencies and impacts on biodiversity
  • Recent losses of biodiversity and associated ecosystem services already cost an estimated at US$ 4– 20 trillion per year and likely to increase exponentially[2].

A majority of companies worldwide are not translating commitments on biodiversity to action, according to new data released today by CDP, the not for profit that runs the world’s environmental disclosure system for companies. This is in spite of promising findings, which show corporate readiness to disclose on biodiversity, as governments prepare to negotiate mandatory environmental disclosure next week at the momentous COP15 summit in Montreal. Data reported through CDP in 2022 shows that:

  • 31% of companies have made a public commitment and/or endorsed biodiversity-related initiatives, with another 25% planning to do so within the next two years.
  • If these companies follow through, by the end of 2024 over 56% will have voluntarily made commitments and/or endorsed initiatives related to biodiversity.

While commitments are a necessary starting point, CDP’s data indicates that companies are not yet translating them into tangible action:

  • More than half (55%) of companies have not taken actions to progress their biodiversity-related commitments in the last year
  • Nearly three quarters (70%) of companies do not assess the impact of their value chain on biodiversity

The results are even more stark when looking at sectors known to have the most damaging impacts on nature, such as 74% of those in the apparel sector and 73% of those in manufacturing who do not assess the impact of their value chain on biodiversity. This suggests that many of the companies with the opportunity to make the greatest positive impact are still failing to take meaningful action to stop biodiversity loss and environmental degradation.

These findings make the outcomes of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity’s COP15 summit even more critical. Target 15 of the Global Biodiversity Framework, to be negotiated at COP15, includes a proposal for mandatory requirements for all large businesses and financial institutions to assess and disclose their impacts and dependencies on nature. This has the potential to underpin an economic transformation: not only will it drive more and faster action from companies to reduce biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation, but it will help investors to understand the biodiversity-related risks and opportunities of their portfolios and finally redirect capital toward sustainable activities[3].

Sue Armstrong Brown, Global Director for Environmental Standards at CDP said:

COP15 is often referred to as a “once in a decade” opportunity, but it’s actually once in a generation. In ten years’ time, with little intervention, it is likely our biodiversity and ecosystems will be damaged beyond repair. CDP’s new data shows that the voluntary progress already made should be all policymakers need to finally make biodiversity disclosure mandatory. Governments must seize this chance and create the enabling environment companies need to drive forward their commitments by agreeing a clear and ambitious Global Biodiversity Framework. This must include mandatory environmental disclosure through Target 15. Once agreed, CDP stands ready to leverage our global environmental disclosure system, through which nearly 20,000 entities disclosed in 2022, to accelerate implementation of the new Global Biodiversity Framework and track progress against its targets. This will in turn drive action to protect and restore biodiversity across the global economy.

There is clearly appetite for mandatory disclosure from the global economy, with business and investors recognizing the tangible benefits more standardization and guidance can bring. Just last month, more than 330 businesses with more than US$ 1.5 trillion in combined revenues called on heads of state to make nature-related disclosure mandatory at COP15.

Jane Ambachtsheer, Global Head of Sustainability, BNP Paribas Asset Management, said:

“The unravelling of nature is underway and investors need to act now, starting with a better understanding of how our investments impact nature and how nature loss may translate into financial risks.  To achieve this, we need better and more consistent disclosure from the private sector, which is why we provided funding to CDP to introduce new questions linked to nature-loss and biodiversity.  It is also why we actively participate in the TNFD and support Business for Nature’s Make it Mandatory campaign. Ultimately, sunlight is the best disinfectant. Enhanced disclosures enable us to allocate capital in a way that can help protect our clients from risk, while contributing towards a better future for society and the planet.”

Eva Zabey, Executive Director, Business for Nature, said:

"These findings provide further evidence on the need for bold political leadership at COP15. The clock is ticking, and we simply can't rely on corporate voluntary action needed to address nature loss.  As part of an ambitious global biodiversity framework, negotiators in Montreal must make it mandatory and require companies to assess and disclose their impacts and dependencies on nature. More than 330 business and financial institutions[4] - including more than 100 multi-billion-dollar revenue companies - support this ask. This alone will go a huge way in transforming our economies and repairing our broken relationship with nature."

Sue Armstrong Brown continued:

“As CDP collects data from companies on biodiversity for the first time, it is positive to see their willingness to disclose this information. This is reflective of an uptick in corporate interest on nature more generally, with significant increases in forests and water disclosure in 2022. Many leading companies have for years recognized the absolute need to understand their relationship to the natural world: the material and systemic risks they face, the opportunities available to them and the impacts they have on the environment. This is also clearly reflected in the nearly 8,000 companies engaging with CDP on biodiversity.

“But our findings also point to the challenges facing companies who want to take action: even when some companies are ahead of the curve and recognizing these risks, commitments are not turning into action at the pace we need to boost resilience, and to halt and reverse biodiversity loss. COP15 must close the loop and turn interest into action.”

- ENDS -




  1. ^ [1] In 2022, a total of 7,790 companies responded to questions on biodiversity through CDP’s climate change questionnaire.
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ [3] Make It Mandatory: the case for mandatory corporate assessment and disclosure on nature. Business for Nature, Capitals Coalition, CDP, October 2022
  4. ^ [4]

CDP is a global non-profit that runs the world’s environmental disclosure system for companies, cities, states and regions. Founded in 2000 and working with more than 680 financial institutions with over $130 trillion in assets, CDP pioneered using capital markets and corporate procurement to motivate companies to disclose their environmental impacts, and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, safeguard water resources and protect forests. Nearly 20,000 organizations around the world disclosed data through CDP in 2022, including more than 18,700 companies worth half of global market capitalization, and over 1,100 cities, states and regions. Fully TCFD aligned, CDP holds the largest environmental database in the world, and CDP scores are widely used to drive investment and procurement decisions towards a zero carbon, sustainable and resilient economy. CDP is a founding member of the Science Based Targets initiative, We Mean Business Coalition, The Investor Agenda and the Net Zero Asset Managers initiative. Visit or follow us @CDP to find out more.